When it comes to citing quotations directly or indirectly in the text of your essay or research paper, it is necessary to obey the rules and example of the chosen paper format:
- Chicago / Turabian
- Harvard (an example can be viewed here)
The way you cite also depends on the length of the quote you wish to insert. Whenever you cite a quote, do not forget to write down the full information about the source somewhere in your draft to include in the Reference sheet later. An example of Bibliography page may be found in any essay or research paper you download from the web.
You might also need an example of Annotated Bibliography as of the separate assignment which is made of quotations and full name of sources only. Here is a brief example of such assignment done by one of our experts:
Vegetarianism in America
An Annotated Bibliography
Orlich, M.; Singh, P.; Sabate, J.; Jaceldo-Siegl, K.; Fan, J.; Knutsen, S.; Beeson, L.; Fraser, G. Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in Adventist health study 2. JAMA Intern Med.2013, 173(13), 1230-1238.
This study aims to find out the existing relationship between diet and mortality rates in the United States and all over the world. This issue remains a crucial field of investigation for ages. Based on the early researches that defined dietary factors related to mortality, Orlich, Singh, Sabate, Jaceldo-Siegl, Fan, Knutsen, Beeson, and Fraser recall the products that assisted in decreasing mortality rates: fruits, cereal fiber, and nuts.
The study population consisted of 96,469 Seventh-day Adventist males and females hired after 2002. The exclusions were all people under 25 and those who take less than 500 kcal per 24 hours or more than 4500 kcal per 24 hours. Also, participants with specific chronic diseases like cancer were excluded. Thus, the total sample size resulted in 73,308 actual participants.
It is not the full text, but you can see that the author does not include quotations in this example because an annotated bibliography is just a summary of the useful sources.
Which Elements Should Be Included?
When you choose to cite quotations of one or more authors, you should have an example of the reference in front of your eyes. It is difficult to memorize how the quote should look in the example of each existing writing style.
Thus, pay attention to such quotations factors as:
- Full author’s name
- Name of the work (in parenthetical or italics depending on the paper format)
- Year of publishment
- Number of issue (for magazines, newspapers, and journals)
- Page number (if available and for directs quote only)
The order may change depending on the writing style. The examples of quotations may be found on the official website of various universities.
How to Cite a Quote Included in Other Quotations?
Sometimes, there are situations when certain quotations do not actually belong to the source you’re reading. They may be quoted in another article. So, what should you do in such cases?
First of all, there is no need to panic. If you cite quotations from both the original and secondary sources, you have to mention two of them on the reference page. However, if you cite an example from the original source only, you don’t have to mention the source where you found the quote.
When you’re citing quotations inside another quote, it is required to credit the original and actual source at a time. A good example of such quote may be a book by Chan published in 2002. If you wish to quote one of the author’s famous citations of Nguyen (published back in 1999), the in-text quote will be cited this way:
"Quote" (Nguyen, 1999, as cited in Chan, 2002, p. 487)
If it seems too difficult, students can either use one of those confusing citation machines online that generate quotations and provide examples or use cheap writing services that include each quote in a correct way. Besides, they work really fast.